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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Sgt David Derek <>
Date: Sun, 13 Jul 2014 17:11:31 +0100
Subject: Good day

Dear friend,
I am Sgt David Derek, American Combat Soldier group of 50,000, 00
combatant, left behind in Iraq for advisory and assistance to Iraq
Forces after the Handing over to Iraq Peace Keeping Force,presently i
am in Afghanistan for peace keeping.I found your contact detail in a
address journal.During my services, I was been able to secure Twenty
Two Million Five Hundred Thousand Dollar($22.5 million U.S Dollars)
which is my own share of the money we shared among ourselves that
belong to Sadden Hussein and his family. I have carefully arrange the
said fund in the Security Company .who rendered home delivery services
across the globe,the security company did not known what is in side
the two trunk boxes deposited with them.
Areas below:
1) Transport Industry
2) Mechanized agriculture.
3} Estate investment

I agreed to compensate you with 30%, which is your share for
assisting me, and 5% for any expenses that might be incurred by both
parties in the course of the transaction. Then the remaining 65% will
be for me and my family, which you will help us to invest in your
country. .Please, read more on the news.
You will find the story of this money on the web address below. After
we have summated the remaining part

Please kindly keep this transaction Confidential because I am still
serving in the Military camp in Kabul Afghanistan.This is not stolen
money and there are no dangers involved.
All I require is your honest & kind co-operation. I will give you
further details as soon as you show interest in helping me.
Sgt David Derek American Combat Soldier

Anti-fraud resources: