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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Emry Holmes" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 13 Jul 2014 17:45:23 -0700


My name is Emry Holmes, a business Consultant in United Kingdom representing perfect investment Group of Companies. I got your contact through international brochure, then i decided to offer you this business proposal.

My client is seeking`means of expanding business interest abroad in any Lucrative business,if you have a solid background and idea of making good profit in any business, that is capable of generating 10% annual return on investment (AROI) Joint Venture.
Please write me for possible business co-operation, as we are ready to fund any business that will interest us.

I am available to discuss with you, and answer any questions, based on the investment. I look forward to discussing this opportunity further in details with you.

Your Sincerely
Emry Holmes

Anti-fraud resources: