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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Agretti Hernan" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 13 Jul 2014 13:35:45 -0500
Subject: hello..

I am Mr. Agretti Hernan an Account and finance manager with BG Group PLC a crude Oil exploration and global energy marketing Company that is based here in United Kingdom; I have a secured business proposal for you amounting to some good millions of united states dollars laying unclaimed in a domicilary account. Should you be interested, please reply back and after that I shall provide you with more details of my proposal. Your earliest response to this Email will be appreciated. do write me directly on this email:
Yours Sincerely,

Anti-fraud resources: