fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: David Henshaw <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 13 Jul 2014 23:44:36 -0700
Subject: Letter From David Henshaw
I am David Henshaw, credit accounts officer of Royal Bank of Scotland,England.
I handle all ourInvestor's Direct Capital Funds and secretly extract 1.2% Excess
Maximum Return Capital Profit (EMRCP) per annum on each of the
Investor's Capital Funds. As an expert, I have made over $9.2M from
Investor's EMRCP and hereby looking for someone to trust who will
stand as an Investor to receive the funds as Investment Proceeds.
Brief history of funds: I have more than 158 Corporate Investors
attached to my portfolio whose Capital Investment Funds are being
managed and administered by me. This Capital Investment Funds has a
value of over US$22Billion net. The US$22B is been used for trading
in Stock Market, Crude Oil and Lending with Profit Returns. Every end
of year, each corporate investor is expected to receive interest from
his total Investment Capital Funds. However, I make an excess of 1.2%
from the Investor's Investment Capital Funds annually which have
exceeded our targeted 20% of Total Investment Capital Funds. This
extra of 1.2% from the 21.2% is been retained by me as my personal
profits for managing the Capital Investment. However, I cannot claim
these funds without presenting someone to stand as an Investor
otherwise our establishment will convert the funds into the company's
treasury. This is why I have come to you for the deal to take place.
Procedure: I will open a file in your name as an investor with some
documents to be backdated to qualify you as our Investor so as to
claim the US$9.2M. The file will be presented to our governing board
council for verification and approval and once your file is approved,
you will be contacted to come down for signing of the Investors Funds
Release Order that will facilitate and expedite the transfer of the
funds to your account through our Investment Bank. This is a fair
deal without any risk attached either on your part or on my part as
long as we comply with the laws governing the claiming of funds in
our establishment. I do not want you to come down to sign the
Investor's Funds Release Order because you cannot defend the source
of the funds during the signing as our remittance department may
decide to ask you some salient questions which you may not answer
correctly thereby jeopardizing the transaction. Therefore you will
inform our establishment that you will not be able to come down for the
signing due to some reasons and hereby you appoint an attorney that will
represent you for the signing. I shall use my position in my bank to
ensure that the approval is issued in your favour without any delay
and upon securing the approval the money will be transferred to any
of your nominated bank account. If you are serious as I am, we will
have this transaction concluded within 10 business days from the date
of start. If you have any question, feel free to contact me & also
indicate your interest and capability of handling this arrangement.
Send to me your full names and address so that the attorney can start
putting together the necessary paperwork that would facilitate the
release of the money to you.