fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "John Hancock" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 13 Jul 2014 18:47:56 -0500
Subject: RE: (YOUR REF: TX772313DFW) SIGNED DOCUMENTS FROM CARGO OFFICE.
Kindly see attached offical Undelivered Package Notification Letter.
Contact us as soon as possible.
Recommended by the Legal 500 2013-2014
DFW International Airport
3200 East Airfield Drive DFW Airport, TX 75261
Regulated by the Airport Regulation Authority. DFW International Airport is the trading name of DFW Airport, a limited liability partnership, registered number OC322707, registered in United States. A list of partners (i.e. members of the Airport) is open to inspection at the above address.
This message may contain confidential or legally privileged information. If you are not the addressee of this e-mail please reply to the sender immediately by e-mail and do not disclose, store or make use of this information. Communicating by e-mail carries certain risks which include delay, corruption of data, non-delivery, wrongful interception, amendment and other dangers. If you communicate with us by e-mail we will take it that you have assumed the risks involved in using such a medium. We do not accept service of proceedings or of notices by e-mail. No responsibility is accepted for the contents of e-mails unconnected with our business.