fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Central Bank of Nigeria" <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 14 Jul 2014 06:13:21 +0100
Subject: CENTRAL BANK COMPENSATION REWARD
This is to inform you that the united state government
authority (USA) in collaboration with the Nigerian
government and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has
been alleged to monitor all transaction. I am here by
instructing you to stop whatever transactions you are having
in regards of your fund.
This information is reaching you because from our
investigation we discovered you have been involved in a
transaction with an internet fraudster. Note we have a
Certified Cashier Check of (Eight hundred thousand united
state dollars) for compensation as a scam victim. The
Central Bank Governor is compensating all the scam victims
to avoid giving our country bad names.
Now contact the office of remittance department with all you
information's and apply for the release/delivery of your
Certified Cashier Check of (USD$800,000.00) through the
office of REV MARK AFAM of Remittance Department Central
Bank of Nigeria and email address
(firstname.lastname@example.org) or call on
this+2347082415746and ask him to release the Certified
Cashier Check to you as the beneficiary of Eight hundred
thousand united state dollars (US$800,000.00) for your
All that is required from you is your current home address,
your full name, / occupation and your phone number for
Hon. Jerry Ego.
Head, Planning, Research and
Review Department of ICPC.