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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Central Bank of Nigeria" <>
Date: Mon, 14 Jul 2014 06:13:21 +0100

Attn: Beneficiary,

This is to inform you that the united state government
authority (USA) in collaboration with the Nigerian
government and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has
been alleged to monitor all transaction. I am here by
instructing you to stop whatever transactions you are having
in regards of your fund.

This information is reaching you because from our
investigation we discovered you have been involved in a
transaction with an internet fraudster. Note we have a
Certified Cashier Check of (Eight hundred thousand united
state dollars) for compensation as a scam victim. The
Central Bank Governor is compensating all the scam victims
to avoid giving our country bad names.

Now contact the office of remittance department with all you
information's and apply for the release/delivery of your
Certified Cashier Check of (USD$800,000.00) through the
office of REV MARK AFAM of Remittance Department Central
Bank of Nigeria and email address
( or call on
this+2347082415746and ask him to release the Certified
Cashier Check to you as the beneficiary of Eight hundred
thousand united state dollars (US$800,000.00) for your

All that is required from you is your current home address,
your full name, / occupation and your phone number for
effective communication.

Hon. Jerry Ego.
Head, Planning, Research and
Review Department of ICPC.

Anti-fraud resources: