fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Yahoo, Germany; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Ben Smith" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 14 Jul 2014 09:00:42 +0200
Subject: UK BBC LOTTERY SPONSORS
NOTIFICATION OF WINNING
Visit Our Web Site:www.bbc.co.uk/lottery/
BBC LIVE DRAW WINNER NO. (04) (15) (21) (30) (41) ( 49) BONUS (11)
This is to inform you that you have WON the sum of ?1.000.000.00 Pounds from our charity bonanza. The draw winning no. 1654 brought out your e-mail address from a notify Data Base of Internet Email Users and qualified you a benefited winner of the stated winning amount in the ongoing ?44.4million Spring lottery charity bonanza for UK London's heritage..
The BBC National Lottery Fund gives grants to globe for the less privilege once, we are here to use our diverse heritage to change lives in every part of the global world. Sustain and transform individual lives all over the world. Please send your draw winning no 1582 and Fill the Information below and Send it to our claims department Via E-mail:(firstname.lastname@example.org)
4. Mobile No
8. Scan copy of your Identification (Driving License or any Valid I.D Proof)is Needed.
Mr. Ben Smith