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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Rose Richard <>
Reply-To: Rose Richard <>
Date: Mon, 14 Jul 2014 19:10:52 +0900 (JST)

                  TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN

From: Miss. Rose Richard
Abidjan- Cote d’Ivoire


name is Miss. Rose Richard the only child of late Mr. Yves Richard from
Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire. I am contacting you to be my partner in
investment projects in your country under your management and control
with the Sum of (US$6,400,000.00 (UNITED STATES DOLLARS) I inherited
from my late parents which is presently in the bank while I continue my
education which stopped due to the death of my father. I am presently in
the refugee camp here being taken care of after the war in my country.

to my age, I cannot invest this money by myself because I have no
investment experience and my age. Please send me your details about your
business and contact me if you are interested and I will send to you a
more detailed explanation.

Expecting to hearing from you

Yours beloved,

Miss. Rose Richard.

Anti-fraud resources: