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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Jeh Johnson <>
Date: Mon, 14 Jul 2014 15:16:22 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: Your Atm Tracking Number 8612960565

A package in content of an Atm card and some cash in $100 bills at total $2.5
confirming to be your long-lost refunds from African scam victim office, the
package which left the shore of Benin via Dhl carriage on the Wednesday, May
21, 2014 has stopped at DENVER CO - International Airport USA for proof of
delivery from the country origin of the box. To track your package, go to
and insert the tracking number below to view delivery status.
Tracking Waybill: 8612960565.Now contact the Dhl Benin with your Name, Address
and cell-phone number, so that the shipment will continue to deliver to your
personal receipt, this is their contact email:

Jeh Johnson
Department of Home Land Security

Anti-fraud resources: