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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Liang Wu" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 10:13:23 -0600
Subject: Your Reply is Needed.


I am Mr. Wu Liang, from Hong Kong. I have a business proposal which concerns the transfer of Twelve Million United States Dollars Only.($12.000.000 USD) into a foreign account, with your assistance as a foreigner, acting as beneficiary to the funds. Everything about this transaction shall be legally done without any problem. Please endeavor to observe utmost discretion in all matters concerning this issue.
If you are interested, mail back, through my private Email address written below,
And I shall give you more details, as soon as I receive your positive response.

Private Email:

Kind Regards,

Wu Liang

Anti-fraud resources: