fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "David Kabaka" <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 13:31:55 -0300 (BRT)
Subject: Re Be my beneficiary" From David Kabaka,
Am waiting to hear from you.
Be my beneficiary"
Greetings to you and your entire family, Sorry for contacting you in that
manner. I am David Kabaka from Sudan, 25 years of age. Am the son of late Mr.
Phillip Kabaka, a very successful business man that deal on Gold and Diamond. I
lost My Parents during a political crisis in our Country. Before the death of my
father he told me that he deposited $35 Million United States Dollars in a Bank
here in Ghana where I am at the moment and my name was put as the next of kin
and also handed all the documents which he used to deposit the fund on my name
for safe keeping.
After the burial of my father, I have to leave my Country to Ghana because my
uncles have conspired and sold my fathers properties to a Chinese Expatriate
and leave nothing for me. On my arrival to Ghana, I went to the Office of the
Banker in Ghana where my late father deposited the Fund with the Documents to
withdraw the money so that I can start a better life and take care of myself but
the banker told me that my father's instruction to the bank was that the money
should be released to me only when I am married or present a trustee who will
help me and invest the money overseas.
I have chosen to contact you after my prayers and I believe that you are the
right person to assist me and take me as your own brother. Though you may wonder
why I am so soon revealing myself to you without knowing you, well, I will say
that my mind convinced me that you are the true person to help me.
I want to leave Africa to Abroad according to my father dying wish and I want
you to help me receive the fund, be my beneficiary and invest the money for me.
If you are willing and ready to be my beneficiary then get back to me and I will
tell the Bank to transfer the fund to you.
Thank you so much.
Reply to Email:firstname.lastname@example.org