fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "you are advise to" (this email uses bad English)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Brian Edward" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 26 Jul 2014 11:43:09 -0700
Subject: RE: TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:
RE: TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:
My name is Mr. Brian Edward. I am a Senior Banker with a Reputable Offshore Bank in the Republic of Ghana. West Africa.
I have under my Management and Administration the sum of US169 million that required urgent possible claiming and evacuation. I need someone that has the financial strength to receive the aforementioned amount on my behalf for intelligent safekeeping.
If you are interested, Please send your Direct-Telephone Numbers for discussion of this Business Proposition in full details and whereas, I shall upon receipt of your positive response to the above subject matter will provide you with comprehensive details of this offer which includes your commission (Percentage), the execution strategies and road map.
In your receipts of this message, You are advise to email me back at: email@example.com
Mr. Brian Edward