fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- This email message is a company representative scam. This type of job offer scam involves the cashing of fake checks and money orders. It could expose you to losses of tens of thousands of dollars as well as to the risk of criminal prosecution and (in some cases) imprisonment.
Fraud email example:
From: "Ju Park" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 31 Jul 2014 22:02:06 +0100
Subject: Sales Representative in Your Province
It is a pleasure to write to you in respect of our organisation. We are experts in the sale of raw materials, we export into Canada. We are searching for representatives who can help us establish a medium of getting our funds from our costumers in Canada as well as making payments through you to us.
Please if interested working for us,so our clients could make payment to you being our representative, we will be very glad. A 10% Compensations will be given for every payment you receive on our behalf and other benefits will follow.
If interested Please contact us for more information.
Subject to your satisfaction you will be given the opportunity to negotiate your mode of which we will pay for your services as our representative in Canada. If interested forward the below details to Cheg Chow Recruitment Specialist at Hitec Metallurgical Co.,Ltd China using this email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Full contact Address:
A copy of your identification:
your phone number/fax and your full contact
Dr Park Ju
Head of Human Resources
Hitec Metallurgical Co