fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "fund beneficiary" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Juan Pedro (Chairman)" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 1 Aug 2014 05:10:15 +0100
Subject: Holle =====Juan Pedro (Chairman)
Banco Caja Madrid Spain
Address: Avenida de la Albufera 111,
28038 Madrid Spain.
Phone: +34 632 330 175
Fax: +34 911 881 368
Contract Fund Credit From Banco Caja Bank Spain
Attention: Valued Fund Beneficiary,
This is to officially notify you personally that we received a credit
instruction from the Federal Government of Nigeria and Central Bank of Nigeria to credit your account
with your full inheritance fund valued US$10.5million from the Nigerian Foreign Reserve
Account with our Bank Banco Caja Madrid Spain.
However, what we require from you is your full Contact and Banking details where
you want your fund to be transferred.
5. Fax No.:
A. Bank Name:
B. Bank Address:
C. Account Number:
D. Routing Number:
E. Swift Code:
F. Account Name:
To this effect, Be informed that transfer will commence immediately to your Bank Account Details as soon as we hear from you with your Contact and Baking Details.
Oncemore, Banco Caja Spain will not hesitate to credit your Bank Account within 24hours in accordance with Fund Release Order Regulations.
Your immediate response is highly imperative to enable us commence transfer.
Congratulation in advance
Juan Pedro (Chairman)
Banco Caja Bank Madrid Spain.
Please call +34632330175