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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Malik Niatu <>
Date: Fri, 1 Aug 2014 02:57:42 -0700
Subject: Akuma format

My name is Mr.Akuma niatu,I sent you a letter a month ago, but I did not receive any reply quickly, because I have not heard from you,this is the reason why I repeat.I’m available documents of my late client made a deposit. It will be my change a certain amount of EUR 6,500.000 Million Euros in offshore accounts.Are you willing to be my partner? If all is well with you, then, please email me and give me your telephone number so I can call you to discuss this with you.
Mr Akuma Niatu.

Anti-fraud resources: