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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mrs Laura Murphy <>
Date: Fri, 1 Aug 2014 10:31:54 +0000
Subject: =?UTF-8?Q?Caro_amigo_de_confian=C3=A7a=2C?=

Caro amigo de confiança,

Doação pessoal de cinco milhões de dólares norte do Estado a você para o
trabalho de caridade no seu país, contacte-me em ( para mais informações.

Deus te abençoe.
Sra. Laura Murphy
Dear Trusted Friend,

Personal donation of Five Million United State Dollars to you for charity
work in your country, Contact me on ( For
More Info.

God Bless you.
Mrs. Laura Murphy

Anti-fraud resources: