fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Temple Joj <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 1 Aug 2014 10:36:37 +0000
Subject: This may interest you
I am Mr. Temple Jojo, I work with a safe keeping Company in Ghana, I need your assistance to retrieve $18.2m and 75kg of Gold deposited in my Company for Safe Keeping, I have access to make this happen, since i am the Vault Manager of the Security Firm and do have access to the deposits document.
I contacted you because I know you are capable to assist, and I assure you 100% success in the deal, I do believe you can assist me in this deal. The Deceased has not left any notification of the next of Kin and I will arrange the necessary documents through an attorney, please I want you to stand as his business associate/next of kin, so that we can retrieve it, sell and share the proceed.
If you are interested, please respond back to me urgently and I will give you further details.