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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: James Adu <>
Date: Fri, 1 Aug 2014 13:25:01 +0000
Subject: Dear Friend,

Good morning,

I hope you are fine today?

I don't know if you might be interested in a business proposal which am
about to reveal to you considering that we haven't met in person.

It’s all about (USD$18,000,000,00) dormant fund in our bank coded account

I am the only person with the knowledge of the funds and its deposit, and
will solicit for your partnership for us to have it. My position in the
bank will guarantee easy and risk-free handling of the transaction as i
have every details of it.

I will give your more details as soon as I hear from you, including the
sharing ratio.
Please ignore the proposition, if you don't seem to be interested.

Please keep confidential!!

Mr James Adu

Anti-fraud resources: