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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Deborah Wanugoh <>
Date: Thu, 21 Aug 2014 15:16:58 +0000
Subject: From Mrs. Deborah Wanugoh

My Dear in Christ,

I am the above named person I am married to Mr. Robinson Wanugoh a
born again Christian and a widow and I want to make a donation of
£5,000,000. Five Million British Pounds only to help Orphans and
Widows and Church and Charitable home in your Country and I assumed
that you will be able to receive this Fund and use it to my wished to
the needs in your country and i am seriously ill please always
putting me in your daily prayers because i don't know when it will end
with me.

Reply back to me immediately for more details about this fund

Mrs. Deborah Wanugoh

Anti-fraud resources: