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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "John Shun" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 21 Aug 2014 16:19:41 +0100
Subject: Development

Greetings to you,

I am John Shun a British citizen, I have an urgent business proposal for your consideration and acceptance that I wish to discuss with you. Should you be of interest, get back to me via my personal email to enable me furnish you with more information and modalities. Contact

If we can be of one accord, we should plan a meeting, soon.

I await your response.


John Shun

IMPORTANT: If you receive this message in your spam or junk its due to your network provider.

Anti-fraud resources: