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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "" <>
Date: Thu, 21 Aug 2014 18:50:59 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: RE


I hope this will find you well.
I am getting in touch with you in respect of our late Customer, who bears
same surname with you/family name. Who died in 2005 with his family in a
boat accident left behind USD17.3Million in our bank. I request your
approval to present you as next of kin.
If this suits your interest, please send your cell/phone, fax and full
names as documented, Occupation, Age and Nationality.
Yours sincerely,
Mr. Mark Lukunku

Anti-fraud resources: