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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Miss Emmanuella Uzoamaka <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 21 Aug 2014 19:39:20 +0000
Subject: Dear Sir/Madam,

Dear Sir/Madam,
I am Miss Emmanuella uzoamaka Amadi 24years old. My father was a very wealthy oil
merchant and businessman in Ivory coast. MY father was poisoned to death by his
brothers because they want to take over his properties and wealth.
My father left the sum of Ten Million United States Dollars in a fixed/suspense
account for me which i want you to stand as my trustee to claim this from the
Note that you are to contact me back on my  email address for more details about
Thanks and God bless.
Miss Emmanuella Uzoamaka Amadi

Anti-fraud resources: