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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Robin Huggo <>
Date: Fri, 22 Aug 2014 07:09:04 -0300 (BRT)
Subject: Anticipating your prompt responses

Dear sir/Ma,

I am Mr.Robin Huggo,A Portugal national.I have been diagnosed with
Esophageal cancer.It has defiled all forms of medical treatment,and
right now I have only about a few months to live according to medical
experts.I have not particularly lived my life so well,as I never
really cared for anyone (not even myself) but my business.
I have decided to give aims to charity organizations,as I want this to
be one of the last good deeds I do on earth,hence i contact you to
receive and distribute the sum of Nineteen Million
Dollars(US$19M)charity organizations and Orphanages homes in your
country as i cannot do this due to my health condition.You shall take
30% of the total sum for your time and effort.

Anticipating your prompt response.

Yours faithfully,
Mr.Robin Huggo

Anti-fraud resources: