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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Valentina Ndlovu" <>
Date: Thu, 18 Sep 2014 13:39:57 -0500

A big hello from Valentina

Sorry that i open up my intention directly to you without knowing much
about you.. please accept this message in good fate and maybe it could
trigger a lifetime friendship for both of us.

I am in urgent situation and need you to stand as my trustee so that both
of us would receive a fortune WILLED to me by my late father so that i can
be able to further my education in your Country and have a brighter and
promising future in life as am also looking for someone very honest to
share my life with, because I believe where there is a way there is a

Waiting to read from you at my email


Anti-fraud resources: