fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Henly Anderson Harold <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: Henly Anderson Harold <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 19 Sep 2014 21:02:30 +0900 (JST)
Subject: IMMEDIATE RELEASE OF FUND $10.5Million United States Dollars Only
Re: Fund Release
IMMEDIATE RELEASE OF FUND $10.5Million United States Dollars Only
Please be informed that we have received a notification for the release and transfer of your sum We are the Financial consultants/Diamond Bank Plc. This Bank which we represent in the Western Africa has directed us to process the release and transfer of this fund to your designated account. Hence, your payment file has been dispatched to our office to enable us process the release and transfer of your fund to your designated account.
All arrangements for the release and transfer of this fund are being made presently. However, in line with the international standard practice of banking (treasure management support directives) I have the pleasure to formally confirm the final credit control approval in favor of the above named beneficiary through our wire/telegraphic transfer services.
However for correctness and effectiveness of the pending credit, the risk control office has proceeded with the mandatory reconciliation, re-routing and prompt re-validation of the pending credit records as in-putted in the system database to ensure appropriateness. Upon conclusion on the foregoing shall immediately forward the payment confirmation code to our accredited foreign correspondence bank abroad to wire the fund to your bank account.
Below are the requirements needed from you to facilitate release of your funds. Your account details where the payment will be wired into through our correspondence bank abroad via your corresponding bank.
Your personal profile (Profession, age, telephone number and full address)
The Name of the Bank
The account details will comprise the full address of the bank.
The phone and fax number of the Bank
The Routing number/Swift code/ABA number of your bank
Account name and Account number.
Please confirm your bank account details as stated above. This will enable us to conclude with the processing of your fund in your favor. Your identification, driver$B!G(Bs license or International passport, preferable International passport.
We can assure you that we shall do our best to ensure that this fund is released to you soonest if you are able to follow our instructions promptly. Please note that we can finalize with the release and transfer of your fund soonest if you are able to follow our instructions carefully.
Your urgent response is required soonest.
Thank you for the understanding.
Mr. Henly Anderson Harold.