fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "the consignment" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- "cheque " (Beware of any scheme that involves cashing checks or money orders and then wiring a portion of the funds somewhere - you'll be liable for the entire amount if the checks or money orders turn out to be fake, even after you have received and forwarded cash. If it's a lottery prize, remember that real lotteries do not pay large prizes by check. They wire the money directly to your bank account and you do not pay for that. Many scammers promise a large check only in order to then demand payment of courier fees for a fake courier service. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Barr James Obumu." <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: "Barr James Obumu." <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 26 Sep 2014 00:37:59 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Dearest Friend,
This is to inform you that your Compensation fund of Us$850,000.00 United State dollars from United Nation has been packaged into Diplomatic Iron box and register with FedEx Delivery Company as the Manager of the Issued bank confirmed that the Cheque will expired before getting to your hand,so we instructed them to cash the fund which you are now to receive the total amount of Us$850,000.00 Dollars in Cash.
All the necessary arrangement of delivery consignment to your home address has been made which the United Nation obtained the documents that will back the package up until it get to your home address, therefore you are to contact the delivery company and The only fee you have to send to FedEx is $89 usd that is for the shipping charge of the consignment to your home address within within 24 to 48 hours meanwhile send your information's bellow to the delivery company.
1.Your Full Name.......................
2.Your Home address....................
3.Your Mobile Number...................
5.Date of Birth........................
7.A copy of your Id....................
Take note that the company here promise to send to you the tracking number and the airway bill of your consignment as soon you send the required charge us$89 dollars to them and your consignment dispatch to your country, to enable you monitor your fund until it gets to your doorstep okay.
Contact Person Dr.Paul Akango
Barr James Obumu.
From United Nation.