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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dario Rogers <>
Date: Thu, 25 Sep 2014 21:22:42 +0000
Subject: Benefit !!

Dear Friend,

Kindly consider this e-mail as an invitation to business proposal which will be of mutual benefit to all of us.

I am a Italian citizen working as a director in a Uni-Credit Bank here in Italy. I mandated to commence procedures of paying the large sum to a deceased legal next of kin, thus I am inviting you to come on board and let us work together to make this business a resounding success.

I shall use my offices to ensure that this money is paid to your designated bank account as the legal next-of-kin of the deceased. This is legal and you are required to keep it confidential.

Full details of this business will be disclosed on expression of your interest, as I awaits your positive response.

Thank you.

Mr. Dario Rogers.

Anti-fraud resources: