fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "courier company" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Yahoo, Spain; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: filesoffice office <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: filesoffice office <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 26 Sep 2014 13:24:10 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: CONTACT THE UPS COURIER COMPANY
Attention Dear,Â I have registered your fund worth of 10.8 Million United States Dollars.to the UPS COURIER COMPANY to been delivered to you as a Consignment Box designate home address, And all the necessary arrangement of the delivering of yourÂ 10.8 Million United States Dollars,In cash was made with UPS COURIER COMPANY.SO CONTACT them now for the immeadiate delievring of your consignment box to your posital address.SO DO CONTACT THE UPS COURIER COMPANY DIERECTOR WITH THE BLLOW INFO.Ups Manager Mr.Kenneth Ifezuo,EMAIL(firstname.lastname@example.org)Â Telephone Number +229-995-229-09Send them your contacts info to enable them locate you immediately they arrived in your country with your.BOX.YOUR NAME................HOME ADDRESS..............PHONE Number..............COUNTRY........................SEX..AND YOURID............Note. The UPS courier don't know the contents of the Box.I register it as a Box of PRECIOUS VALUABLE tagg no:0047622THANK YOURegards,Mr.David. Wisdom