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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr David Smith <>
Reply-To: Mr David Smith <>
Date: Wed, 8 Oct 2014 15:05:53 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Attn My Dear

Attn My Dear
We have finally arranged to deliver your package worth $7.5m USD through (DHL) Company. We were able to accomplish this through the help of IMF director Anderson Morgan and every necessary arrangement has been made successfully .
Contact William JoeTelephone: (00229) 68651607)Email: ( )Contact the (DHL) with your delivery information such as:
(1) Full names ---(2) Phone line ---(3) Country -----(4) Age/sex ------(5) Occupation:---(6)Home address:--
And also be informed that delivery agent will leave to this country as soon as you proceed with (DHL) Company.
SincerelyMr David Smith

Anti-fraud resources: