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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: David Zakian <>
Reply-To: David Zakian <>
Date: Wed, 8 Oct 2014 15:41:37 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: I need your urgent reply.

 Hello Dear,
I am contacting you to assist me in a claim of $6,200,000.00 USD, it is a genuine transaction and we MUST remain fiduciary in all our dealings as i cannot achieve the opportunity without the support of a foreigner, you will be entitled to 30% of the total sum while 70% will be for me, please reply back to me urgent if you are interested to enable me provide you more details.
Best regards,Mr. David Z.

Anti-fraud resources: