fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Jacob Amin" <email@example.com>
Reply-To: "Mr.Jacob Amin" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 8 Oct 2014 20:32:50 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Dear Friend
Â Dear Friend
I am Mr.Jacob Amin a senior staff of a bank in ouagadougou,Burkina faso.I have a Business proposal in the tune of US$11.Million for you. The fund belong to our deceased customer who died with his next of kin leaving nobody for the claim.
I want to present you as his next of kin to my bank so that the fund will be transfer to your bank account. Your share will be 40% percent while 60% will be for me. No risk involved in this transaction.
If you are interested, Contact me with my private email address via;(email@example.com)for more details.