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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Chase" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 8 Oct 2014 23:13:22 +0100
Subject: Important Security Alert on your Chase Account

HTML Editor Sample Page

Important Security Alert on your Chase Account

We identified several failed login attempts on the online access of your chase account with us.

For this reason and to
further protect your identity , we immediately require that you reconfirm your details here under

For your protection, transactions on your account may be limited until you are able to confirm your identity. We realize that this precaution may cause you some inconveniences; however keeping your account safe is one of our top priorities.

Thank you


Chase Online Account Security

This service message was delivered to you as a Chase Account Holder to provide you with account updates and information on your account benefits. Chase values your privacy and your preferences.

Your personal information is protected by our state-of-the- art crypt technology. For more detailed security information, view ourOnline Privacy Policy. To request in writing: Chase Privacy Operations, 451 Florida Street, Fourth Floor, LA2-9376, Baton Rouge, LA 70801.

2014 JPMorgan Chase & Co.

Anti-fraud resources: