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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "James Mambo" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 9 Oct 2014 00:54:20 -0700
Subject: Letter Of Intent..

Good day

I am contacting you with a good faith and believing that you are going to assist me in this transaction. Do not see this email as one of those scam mails. I need
your assistance for a transaction of $85million dollars belong to my late client , Muammar al-Gaddafi ,Former president of Libya.

After his death all his family members where arrested and I shifted the fund to escrow account so that nobody will have access to the fund. I want to invest the fund
in your country all I want from you is your honesty and sincerity. You have to promise me that you are not going to expose me.We have to sign an agreement that I will give you 30% for your assistance in this transaction. Please kindly get back to me and let me know the line of business where we can invest this money in your country send me your full name address and Mobile number.

Best regards

Mr. James Mambo

Anti-fraud resources: