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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Liao Yongyuan" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 1 May 2013 14:26:08 +0700

Mr Liao Yongyuan
Vice President - CNPC
China National Petroleum Corporation
9 Dongzhimen North Street, Dongcheng
District, Beijing, P.R.China | Postcode: 100007

Letter of Intent

Dear Esteemed Colleague,

I hope this email find you in good health. In view of my
correspondence with you, I unassumingly solicit for your
utmost consideration, as this letter serves as my formal
notice of my intent to go into a multinational investment
with you in your country.

This is Mr. Liao Yongyuan, Vice President CNPC (China
National Petroleum Corporation). You may check on the site
below to review our company profile and educate yourself
more about me.

In an open minded manner, I purposefully contact you to
negotiate my proposition for investment of multinational
companies and industries with you in your country, if you
willingly accept my proffer I shall provide you with the
relevant details for the investment funds and our
procedures in sequence.

Furthermore, I want every of my dealings with you to be
carried out legally, genuinely and transparent.

Looking forward to hearing from you and to establish a
joint cooperation with long term credible business

Best regards,
Mr Liao Yongyuan
Vice President - CNPC

Anti-fraud resources: