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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Betty Toray" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 9 Oct 2014 09:11:36 +0200
Subject: Why Have I Not Heard From You Since ?

Attn Sir,

Permission to work with you strictly on mutually beneficial bases.
Can I trust you with investment fund and cooperation in fund protections when received by now urgently from the position it is placed now in a bank. Send me your number and let talk immediately on terms and how we can work with each other. Please note that time is of essence so I need your immediate response within 72hrs. I reached you here because of your credibility. Don't fail me please.
Betty Toray

Anti-fraud resources: