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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Kyle Hoffman" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 9 Oct 2014 00:26:38 -0700


My name is MR KYLE HOFFMAN I am the credit manager in a bank here in China. I am contacting you of a business transfer, of a huge sum of money from a deceased account that you share same surname and from same country { } since we've tried to contact all family member’s but all to no avail. Though I know that a transaction of this magnitude will make any one apprehensive and worried, but I am assuring you that everything has been well taken care of, and all will be well at the end of the day. I decided to contact you due to the urgency of this transaction to ease your apprehension; I got your contact from the USA chambers of commerce and industry, foreign trade division.

Since his death, at Malaysian airline MH17 on March 8th,2014. this page will explain better { } none of his next-of-kin are alive to make claims for this money as his heir, because they all died in the same accident (May his soul rest in peace). We cannot release the fund from his account unless someone applies for claim as the next-of-kin to the deceased as indicated in our banking guidelines. Upon this discovery, I now seek your permission to have you stand as a next of kin to the deceased, as all documentations will be carefully worked out by a lawyer for the funds Twenty- Eight million, Five Hundred Thousand United States dollars (US$28,500,000.00) in a domiciliary account to be released in your favor as the beneficiary's next of kin, Because after a year the money will be called back to the bank treasury as unclaimed bills and the money shared amongst the directors of the bank. So, it is on this note i decided to seek for whom
his name shall be used as the ne

Please acknowledge receipt of this message in acceptance of our mutual business endeavor by furnishing me with the following information if you are interested.

1} A Beneficiary Name.

2} Details particulars of your contact address:

3} Direct Telephone and fax number For our personal contact.

I shall be compensating you with 35% of the total sum on final conclusion of this project for your assistance, as I have also thought of doling out 10% to charity organization from your locality based on your recommendation another 10% for the services of the lawyer while the balance 45% shall be for me for investment purposes in your country as i cannot bring back this cash to my country. If this proposal is acceptable by you, please endeavor to contact me immediately.

Do not take undue advantage of the trust I have bestowed in you by informing you of this transaction from my bank as I will advise you to kindly desist from responding at all if you do NOT intend to render any assistance.

Please Note: whichever expenses that will be incurred to seal this transaction would be shared among both of us and will be deducted from the funds once the bank transfer the money into your account before sharing take place.

Thanks and best regards,


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