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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Gerry Kafia <>
Reply-To: Gerry Kafia <>
Date: Thu, 9 Oct 2014 21:18:41 +0900 (JST)

Welcome to UBA Benin
United Bank for Africa (UBA) plc, Africa's global bank.
Carrefour des trois Banques Avenue Pape Jean Paul II, Cotonou, Benin
P.o.Box 01 BP 2023 Cotonou Benin
Cell: +229 98280-587
Dear Sir/Madam;

This is to inform you that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is compensating all the scam victims and your email address was found in the scam victim's list. This Payment Office has been mandated by the IMF to release your compensation funds to you via ATM Master Card.

However, we have concluded to release your payment through our newest ATM Card, with the ATM Card you will be withdrawing the total sum of $25,000 daily until the total sum of $3,500,000.00USD is completely withdrawn. We can not be able to send the ATM Card with your email address alone; therefore we need your information as to where we will be sending to you the ATM Card, such as;
Receiver's name:....
Phone number:.....
Attached copy of your Identification...

Note that your payment files will be returned to the IMF within 72 hours
if we did not hear from you, this was the instruction given to us by the
IMF. We will send you the ATM Card as soon as we received your information.


Yours Faithfully,
Mr. Gerry Kafia
Cell: +229 98280-587
Group Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer (GMD/CEO)

Anti-fraud resources: