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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: kofi Adams <>
Date: Thu, 9 Oct 2014 06:47:05 -0700
Subject: investment offer

kofi &Adams
24 Kings Tusk Walk,
Ambassadorial Enclave
Accra Ghana.

I am kofi Adams of Adams & Associates. A practicing attorney in Ghana
West Africa.
I am contacting you on behalf of my Client Mr .Gabriel Tutu of Accra
- Ghana who is willing
to join you and Invest in any lucrative business of your choice in
your country with the sum
of US$75 Million Dollars, he is ready to share 60 / 40 % in any gain
that both of you shall
make out of the investment.

If you are willing and guarantee his safety, do get back to me and i
shall link you up with him for
more details.

Yours In Service
kofi. Adams Esq.

Anti-fraud resources: