fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "activation fee" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "cotonou" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "DR MIKE J.OBARU" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: "DR MIKE J.OBARU" <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 11 Oct 2014 11:47:53 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Contact Person:Mr. James Peter
SWIFT CREDIT CARD
ZENITH BANK INTERNATIONAL,
Zenith Heights Plot 87 Ajose Adeogun Street,
ATTN, PAYMENT NOTIFICATION:
This is to bring to your notice that, I have paid the re-activation
fee and the delivery of your ATM.I paid it because the ATM Card 8119
$1.5m, has less 21 days to expire and when it expires, the money will
go into Government purse.
With that I decided to help you pay the money so that, the ATM will
not expire, because I know when you get your ATM definitely you must
pay me back my money and even compensate me for helping you.
I will not cheat you now I want you to contact DHL DELIVERY SERVICE
with your Full Contact information so that they can deliver your Card
to your designated address without any delay. Like I stated earlier,
The delivery charges have been paid but I did not pay their official
keeping fees since they refused. They refused and the reason is that
they do not know when you are going to contact them and demurrals
might have increase.
They told me that their keeping fees is $148 us dollars per day and I
deposited it yesterday be 10th October 2014.
Below is their Contact Information's,
Contact Person:Mr. James Peter,
DHL DELIVERY SERVICE
Tel: +229 99333187,
Contact Today to avoid increase of their keeping fees and let me know
once you receive your Card.
DR MIKE J.OBARU
Zenith Bank Of Benin