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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. David Stephen" <>
Date: Tue, 14 Oct 2014 17:07:43 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: =?UTF-8?Q?RE:_Mrs._Rose_Daniel_the_managin?=

Attn: Valuable Customer,

I am contacting you because I've sent you the first payment of
$5,000 today from your winning funds total amount of
$2.5Million, Dollars Therefore you need to Contact western union Managing Director
Mrs. Rose Daniel, for her to give you the transfer payment information and

Managing Director: Mrs. Rose Daniel Aguleri
Phone: +229-99310986

And contact her with your full information

1. Full Name:
2. Full Address:
3. City,State,Zip code:
4. Phone Number:
5. Nationality:
6. Sex:                            
7. Date of Bath:
8. Occupation:

Please try to contact her today for her to forward the payment information
to you, remember to indicate the registration code of EB-2237 to her when
E-mailing or calling him, also he will be sending you $5,000.00
daily as per our office discussion with her. Do get in touch with me once
you have received the transfer. Please copy this email
( and paste before replying to
her or simply call her at his number:+229-99310986

Dr. James L. Williams Ofor (ESQ).

Anti-fraud resources: