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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Emeka Ezeh" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 17 Oct 2014 01:30:42 +0100
Subject: Foreign Payment Due Process Unit

Dear Sir,

Instruction was given by the Office of Presidency and United Nations (UN) and (IMF)to transfer sum of USD$10,000,000.00 only to you through ATM visa Card which you can used it in any cash point, shopping mall or banking.

You can withdrawal money from your ATM visa Card from any ATM MACHINE location or center of your choice/nearest to you, in any part of the should send your mailing address full name telephone number to enable Courier service be dispatch your ATM Card to you within 48hrs.

Yours faithfully,

Mr.Emeka Ezeh
Foreign Payment Due Process Unit

Anti-fraud resources: