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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Francis Matuh <>
Reply-To: "" <>
Date: Fri, 17 Oct 2014 07:25:05 -0300 (ART)
Subject: Your reply

I need your urgent assistance to facilitate a deal.
We have a payment which emanated from the subsidy on kerosene (DPK) petroluem product.
The sum is (US$5.25 Million) and it is ready for release.
Unfortunately, the position I occupy here in government in my Country does not allow us to operate any foreign account.
I want to seek your permission and assistance in partnership, so that the money can be paid directly to you.
If you are ready and willing to move forward with me in this, please email to me your names and telephone number, so we can discuss more and I shall email to you more information.
Sincerely yours,
Francis Matuh.

Anti-fraud resources: