fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following fake company names, fake addresses, non-existent institutions/documents or other details have appeared in scams before:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "inheritance funds" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "you are required to pay " (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "million pounds" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "diplomatic delivery" ("diplomats" who perform deliveries of cash or other valuables to you only exist in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 20 Oct 2014 12:01:27 +0000 (UTC)
Address Head Office:UBA Bank Plc54 Lombard StreetLondon BininÂ Â Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgPostcode EC3P 3AHÂ (UNITED KINGDOM).Â Â IBAN ATM Credit Card, Ð10.700, 000.00 Million Pounds,Â Â You might be very verse with the IBAN credit card system through the (A.T.M) Automated Teller Machine System that allows beneficiaries direct access to make withdrawal of funds from any International Banks in the world.Â Â Â Â Â The federal government under the ministry of finance with the world bank and IMF (International Monitory Fund) has adopted this administrative measure owing to various complains/petitions received from beneficiaries owning to the delays in receiving their Contract/Inheritance Funds as expected.Â Â Please be informed that this is a real and not a bogus card so be rest assured that the money will be cleared immediately a withdrawal is affected. I have made all the necessary arrangements to have your atm card delivered to you at your nominated home delivery address.Â All other documents such as your recommendation letter and certificate from the Economic Finance Unit confirming that these funds are fully free from any liens or encumbrances and are clean, clear and of non-criminal origin shall also be sent to you.Â Â This Atm Card contains maximum of GBP10.700, 000.00 million pounds and you have a daily withdrawal limit of 15,000 pounds foryour information, you are to bear the cost of shipping the ATM CARD to you, the ATM Card will be delivered via a World Diplomatic Delivery Service to ensure that the atm card is delivered to you wherever you are in anywhere in the world, However before I proceed, I would like you to re-confirm the below details.Legal Full name:Age:Sex:Delivery Address:Phone contact#:Occupation:Country Of Residence:Â Â The officer in charge Mr. JOHN NWACHUKWUÂ will call you up immediately your information is sent in. Also the options together with their associated conditions are presented below, you Are required to pay for the necessary courier charges to enable the delivery of the Atm card to your giving delivery destination.Â Â 1. FedEx Delivery Company Duration for Delivery: 72 Hours, Amount 150.00 Pounds2. UPS Delivery Company Duration for Delivery: Next day, Amount 250.00 Pounds3. DHL Delivery Company Duration for Delivery: 24 Hours, Amount 350.00 Pounds4. Online Wire Transfer Service:30 Minute , Amount 550.00 poundsÂ Â Please contact Mr. JOHN NWACHUKWU with the Below Information:Â Â UBA Bank Plc54 Lombard StreetLondon Benin
Postcode EC3P 3AHHotline (+229-97275509Email: email@example.comÂ Â Treat as urgentÂ Thanks for your Co-Operation.Best Regards,Â Mr. JOHN NWACHUKWU
Â Remittance ManagerUBAÂ Bank Plc.Â Â UBAÂ Bank Plc. registered in England. Barclays Bank Plc is authorized and regulated by the financial services authority (FSA) Registered No 1026167. Barclays Insurance Services company Limited is authorized and regulated by The FSA.Registered Office For Both: 1 Churchill Place, London Benin , E10 7hp. "The Woolwich" and "Woolwich" Are Trademarks And Trading names Of UBAs Bank Plc. UBA Â Business is a trading name of UBA Bank Plc.Â UBA Bank Plc Subscribes to the lending Code Which Is Monitored and enforced by the lending standards board and is licensed and regulated by the office of fair trading for the provision of credit products to consumers and related services.