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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Frank P.Ashley," <>
Reply-To: "Mr.Frank P.Ashley," <>
Date: Tue, 11 Nov 2014 15:59:50 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Read carefully,

 Read carefully,

We have concluded to effect your payment through western union$6,000.00 daily until the $1.5MILLION USD is completely transfer to you accordingly. Though, Mr Danie Dile has sent $6,000.00 in your name today so contact Western union Agent: Mr. Don Williams  E-mail:( Tell him to give you the mtcn, sender name and question/answer to pick the $6,000.00.NOTE;this payment was directed to be made available in your name.

we need your information as where we will be sending the funds, such as,

Receiver name:-________
Phone number:-_____________

Note that your payment files will be returned to the IMF within 72 hours if we did not hear from you, this was the instruction given to us by the IMF.

On tele phone :+229-68655894
Mr.Frank P.Ashley,

Anti-fraud resources: