fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "your urgent reply" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- This email message is a orphan scam.
Fraud email example:
From: Rose Farag <email@example.com>
Reply-To: Rose Farag <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 20 Nov 2014 04:27:02 +0900 (JST)
Subject: From Rose Farag
>From Rose Farag
Compliments of the day, I know this message will a suprise to you. my name is Rose Farag, I am 16 years old, the only daughter of the late Mr.and Mrs Jesse Farag from Angola, my father was a businessman who was into cocoa and gold exportation before his death. I chose to contact you after getting your email through a database and I believe that you are a reliable person that will not betray my trust, my father was poison to death by his business associates and I lost my mother when I was 5 years old, I am constrained to contact you due to the Maltreatment I received from my late father brothers and relatives who has seized and took all the properties of my late from me after the unexpected death of my father, but Luckily for me they couldn't find that before the death of my father that he deposited the sum of Five million united states dollars ($5,000,000) in a Bank Ivory Coast which I am the next of kin to this Fund deposited, I'm
going to give you all the details and contacts regarding this Fund because I want the money to be transferred to your bank account in your country before I will Come to join you in your country to continue my studies that I stopped due to the death of my parents.
I would like this money to invest in Profitable and good place in your country with your help and you will the one to manage the investments for me because of my age and my education, this is the reason why I need your help based on the agreement and instruction that my late father gave to the Bank to release the funds to me at age of maturity or through a foreigner who will stand as my partner and Guardian to the bank that will help me to invest the Fund wisely in his or her country. I cannot be able to apply for the release of this fund alone because of my age and status of refugees. I need your urgent reply showing your willingness and ability to handle this for me, life in this refugee camp is very hard and hell I don't find any love and affection, kindly let me know your availability and I promise to be gentle and loyal to you, I decided to offer you 20% of the total amount at the end of this transaction. I will send you all
the deposited documents of this fund that the Bank gave to my late father the day he made the deposit with the Bank. Waiting to receive soon your positive response,
Thanks and God bless you, looking forward to see your reply.