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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Engr. Thomas Medosah" <>
Date: Sat, 4 Oct 2014 17:11:53 +0300
Subject: I will appreciate your response


I am Engr. Thomas Medosah,I am project director with Ghana National
Petroleum Corporation (GNPC). I need your services in a confidential
matter regarding money transfer. This requires a private arrangement
though the details of the transaction will be furnished to you if you
indicate your interest in this proposal. We have all the legal documents
to back up the transaction, besides we have worked out the modalities to
ensure smooth and risk-free transfer. We are willing to offer you 25% of
the money, the fund in question is
quite large. All correspondences will be via email
for now. I am expecting to hear from you, if you are willing to do the
business with us.Your private phone number is needed.

Finally, you must note that this proposal is unrelated to the various scam
letters that have become common in the internet. Send your response to:

Yours Faithfully,
Engr. Thomas Medosah (PhD)

Anti-fraud resources: