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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "J. Adams"<>
Date: Mon, 20 Oct 2014 14:01:33 -0700
Subject: Business Proposal

K=E6re ven,

Jeg kontakter dig for at bede om Deres hj=E6lp i denne fortrolige forretnin=
gsoplysninger forslag med fuld =F8konomisk (=A3 8,750,000.00) gavn for os b=

Jeg vil give dig en omfattende detalje, s=E5 snart jeg f=E5r et ord fra dig=
. Hvis vi kan v=E6re af en overenskomst, s=E5 send mig dit svar angiver din=
interesse p=E5 e-mail nedenfor for at s=E6tte os begynde denne linje af di=
Bem=E6rk: Denne messsage er oversat via Google. Jeg er ikke s=E6rlig god t=
il at tale dansk; hvis du kan tale, skrive og forst=E5 engelsk, s=E5 lad mi=
g det vide, da det vil v=E6re bedre for vores kommunikation.

Med venlig hilsen,
Mr. Julian Adams
Vicechef for PRA
& Administrerende direkt=F8r, Insurance.
Bank of England.
Tel: + 44 (0) 701 004 6359

Anti-fraud resources: