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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. James" <>
Date: Thu, 06 Nov 2014 10:43:33 -0800
Subject: Read ASAP

Top of the day to you,

Sequel to your non-response to my previous email, I am re-sending this to you again thus; A deceased client of mine who died of a heart-related ailment about some years ago left behind some funds which I want you to assist in retriving and distributing. Reply so I can give you details on what is needed to be done and also include these information below for easy processing:

Names in Full:
Telephone/Fax Numbers:



Anti-fraud resources: