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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Rafan Afaaq" <>
Date: Thu, 20 Nov 2014 10:29:59 +0100
Subject: =?windows-1256?Q?Dear_Frien?= =?windows-1256?Q?d=2C_For_the?=
=?windows-1256?Q?_sake_of_A?= =?windows-1256?Q?llah=2C_I_ne?=
=?windows-1256?Q?ed_your_he?= =?windows-1256?Q?lp_for_Inv?=
=?windows-1256?Q?estment_pu?= =?windows-1256?Q?rposes.=FE?=

Dear Friend,

I need a partner who will invest with me.
I am Mr. Rafan Afaaq from the city of Baghdad in Iraq . But am right
now in a hospital in West Africa suffering from cancer I got your
contacts through my personal research and out of desperation. I deal on
crude oil I decided to reach you through this medium. I have US$20.5M
for investment purpose. I want you to receive this fund on my behalf and
invest on a profitable business venture on agreed terms. If you are
interested please get back to me as soon as possible for more details.
Include your private number in your response.
Contact Name: Rafan Afaaq,
You have to Contact me with this Email:
Thank you Allah will help us.
Rafan Afaaq.

Anti-fraud resources: