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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.George McCleary" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 24 Nov 2014 21:46:11 -0800
Subject: Urgent Reply Needed

Cargo Unit
jacksonville Airport, Miami Florida
Box code:XG77DD9
Final Notice of Your Package, in view of your inability to receive your package with registration #: CT8100AF from National UK Lottery London United kingdom, originally scheduled to be delivered to you by an agency, FedEx express delivery (F.E.D).
This package in a golden metal box valued $3.500.000 USD (Three million Five hundred thousand dollars) mistakenly arrived at jacksonville International Airport, Miami Florida 5 via British Airways flight no.BA297 from Heath-row airport London sometime ago. The package with registration no,#: CT8100AF has been cleared by the USA customs and is 100% legitimate.
The agency, attached to the Airport, FedEx express delivery (F.E.D) who delivered your package to your address have just return the package to our storage facility at the Jacksonville Airport, due to incomplete address.Please reconfirm these information's;
Your full names, Your mailling address, Your telephone numbers, Your nearest Airport.
Therefore, I am writing to inform you that the days of grace has elapsed and we shall begin to charge for the Custom Clearance and the fee will be direct to united nation head office,Now contact Mr. Alex Morgan so that he will inform you on how you can go about recieving your package. Please call Mr. Alex Morgan or email him on the below address ( to release this package directly to you.
Note that this notice serves as our last recovery notice to you as our department will be compelled to shortlist your package as an unclaimed consignment, and maybe forfeited.
Best regards,
Dr.George McCleary

Anti-fraud resources: